History of the National Children's Hospital

CHI at TallaghtOn 1st January 2019 the three children’s hospitals in Dublin joined together and are now known as Children’s Health Ireland (CHI). 

Prior to this legal change The National Children's Hospital was the oldest of the three children's hospitals in Dublin. It has been located in Tallaght since 1998 but was founded in 1821, almost 200 years ago. It was first known as the "Pitt Street Institution" and it was the first hospital in Ireland and Britain established specifically for the care and treatment of children. Dr. Charles West, who worked in the hospital, went on to found Great Ormond Street Hospital 1852. 

In 1875 the National Orthopaedic and Children's Hospital was established which was formally joined with the Pitt Street Institution in 1884. In 1887 they both moved to Harcourt Street. The stated objective of the hospital at that time was, "to educate mothers and nurses regarding the proper management of children in both health and disease". The paediatric hospital in Harcourt Street remained until 1998 when the move to Tallaght took place.

Our site is now known as CHI at Tallaght. CHI at Tallaght has three paediatric wards and a high dependency unit together with dedicated specialised Paediatric Radiology, Out Patient, Operating Emergency Departments and Theatre. We are a busy hospital with our Emergency Department seeing an average 34,000 patients a year and 33,500 children attending our Outpatient departments.

The Hospital provides a secondary general paediatric service to south-west, west and central Dublin, Kildare and Wicklow and in addition provides a national tertiary service for respiratory medicine, cystic fibrosis, diabetes and endocrinology, gastroenterology, developmental medicine, paediatric dentistry and neuro-disability. In 2016 CHI at Tallaght opened the first Paediatric dedicated Short Stay Observation unit in the country.

Together with the other CHI sites we are planning changes that will improve children’s health care for the future. The next development for us in CHI at Tallaght is the new Paediatric OPD and Urgent Care Centre which will give a home to paediatric services in the Tallaght area for generations to come. The centre is scheduled to open before the end of 2020.